The Mi’kmaq population was very young because half of the Mi’kmaq was under 25 years old. Young people were more educated than before, but many still did not complete high school.

Mi’kmaq youth had difficulty finding work because they had little formal education and jobs were scarce in the villages. As Inuit, the new generation would have to face many problems that affected Mi’kmaq society including poverty and dependence on welfare. Since the 1980s, the Mi’kmaq have developed services to prevent substance abuse that affects people of all ages.


Approximately 5% of Mi’kmaq was 65 and older. There were always the elders to teach the techniques of hunting and fishing, culture and language. They were respected for their knowledge and played an important role in Mi’kmaq communities.

Grandparents and parents remember that at school it was forbidden to speak Mi’kmaq in the classroom and in the yard. However, very few attended school at the time. It was more important to earn a living, for example chopping wood or working in the potato fields.

Author: Service national du Récit de l’univers social