The territory inhabited by the Algonquians was very large. It stretched from the Atlantic Ocean to the Rocky Mountains. Most of the inhabitants lived in the coastal regions of the Atlantic Ocean and Hudson Bay, and in the regions surrounding Iroquoia. Most of this territory was forested, but some regions were more mountainous. The territories inhabited by the Algonquian people were quite cold but those who lived further south enjoyed fairly hot summers.

The Canadian Shield

Most of the Algonquian nations lived in the region known as the Canadian Shield. Farming was difficult in this region because it was covered with rock and forests. So the Algonquian people ate game such as hare or partridge, which they could find in the forest, and the fish that populated the many lakes and rivers of the Canadian Shield.

The climate

As can be seen on the map, the Algonquians who were further south lived in a humid continental climate where the winters are shorter. Those who lived a little further north had a subarctic climate where the winters are much longer and colder.

Author: Alexandre Lanoix

See also:  Traces of the past –>  A myth of the Ojibwa tribe

Important concepts and big ideas:

Territory – Territoire
Boreal forest
Continental climate
Subarctic climate