This new feature is based on the original Événements menu at the Sociétés et Territoires site by the Service national du RÉCIT (RECITUS). It includes articles about key moments in time. Note that these event articles may not appear in the Society menus at right, but can certainly be used to complement those resources.
1492 - The Age of Exploration
For a long time, people believed that the earth was flat. They thought that if someone traveled to the end of the oceans, they would fall off the edge of the earth. Others, like the sailor and explorer Christopher Columbus, thought that the earth was round and that if someone crossed the Atlantic Ocean, they would arrive in Asia.
IN SEARCH OF...
1534 to 1542 - The Voyages of Jacques Cartier
After the discovery of Christopher Columbus in 1492, several explorers from European countries (France, England, Portugal & Spain) continued to search for shipping routes to Asia. Jacques Cartier was an explorer from France. But instead of reaching Asia, Jacques Cartier reached the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 1534. When he arrived, he planted a ...
1663 - The Royal Government
Since the founding of Quebec in 1608, New France was a trading post. It is considered a trading post because it was only used for the fur trade. The companies that ran it were mainly interested in making money and they did not succeed in populating New France.
In 1663, Louis XIV, the king of France, decided to take charge of New France ...
1701 - The Great Peace
I absolutely must tell you about an extraordinary event that is taking place in my town, this summer of 1701. But allow me to introduce myself first: I’m Jacques. I am 34 years old and I live in Montréal.
In 1667, the year of my birth, a truce began in what some called the Iroquois wars. The Iroquoian groups to the south, known as the Haud...
1763 - The Conquest of New France
PEACE, BUT NOT FOR LONG...
Between 1713 and 1744, the French and English colonies in America lived in peace, but war was not far off... The English colonies wanted to expand west of the Appalachians, in the Ohio Valley, on French territory. In 1756, the Seven Years War officially began.
THE FORCES AT WORK
England chose to focus its effo...
1776 - The American Revolution
On July 4, 1776, the Thirteen English colonies declared their independence. They no longer wanted to be ruled by Great Britain and war broke out between Great Britain and its colonies. This war was eventually won by the Thirteen Colonies which became the United States of America.
WHY DID THE THIRTEEN COLONIES GO TO WAR AGAINST GREAT ...
1791 - The Constitutional Act
THE ARRIVAL OF THE LOYALISTS
After the American War of Independence, many Loyalists settled north of Lake Ontario and Lake Erie (in an area that is located in what is now known as the province of Ontario). They profoundly transformed the face of Canada. The Loyalists had a different language (English), a different way of life (townships), and...
1837 to 1848 - The Rebellions and The Responsible Government
THE PATRIOTS' FIGHT FOR MORE DEMOCRACY
Since 1791, the people of Canada have been able to elect members to the Legislative Assembly. However, this assembly had no real power and its decisions could be easily overturned by British government appointees. The majority of the people of Lower Canada voted for the Patriot Party, led by Louis-Joseph...
1867 - The Canadian Confederation
In 1867, the Canadian Confederation resulted in Canada becoming a country. The Canadian Confederation is what we celebrate every year on July 1st.
But what was Canada before, if it wasn't a country? There were people who lived in the territory, weren't there?
Let's do a little recap.
You have already learned:
- That the first inhabit...
1914-1918 and 1939-1945 - World War 1 and 2
The First (1914 to 1918) and Second (1939 to 1945) World Wars were significant events for many places around the world, including Quebec. Many Quebecers participated in these two wars as soldiers in the Canadian army. The World Wars brought many changes to Quebec’s economy and politics. They also put Quebec and Canada in direct contact with ot...
1960 - The Quiet Revolution
The Quiet Revolution began in 1960 with the election of the Quebec Liberal Party and lasted until the end of the 1970s. After more than 15 years of conservatism under Maurice Duplessis (1944-1959), the new Premier, Jean Lesage, and his team began a series of reforms in the 1960s aimed at modernizing the Quebec government and society.